Perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody myeloperoxidase-positive vasculitis in association with ulcerative colitis.
We describe a patient with ulcerative colitis (UC) who developed small vessel vasculitis. Perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody myeloperoxidase (p-ANCA-MPO) positivity was detected along with a highly elevated titer of anticardiolipin antibodies. A total proctocolectomy was undertaken and the patient, more than 5 years later, remains in very good condition. The possible causative association between the UC, the p-ANCA-MPO-positive small vessel vasculitis, and the anticardiolipin antibodies is discussed.